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Public Secondary Schools in Abia State

Public Secondary Schools in Abia State .

The essence of this article is to provide readers with details on all public secondary schools in Abia State. This information is particularly relevant for people carrying out special research in Secondary schools in Abia State. A lot of queries on this subject keep coming to me and I deemed…
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Geography research

Geography Research .

Geography research is an elaborate subject in research writing, it involves a wide spectrum of concepts and topics within the natural environment. Research in geography requires vast knowledge about a subject (geography-related) matter (issues under investigation) and the academic well-to-do to interpret problems, collect reliable data within a short time…
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Research Synonym

Research Synonym .

Research synonym represent those terms or terminologies used in a research paper. They are the common words which students are familiar with during research. The research synonym vary depending on the type of research being done. Simple research papers might use a few research synonyms compared to voluminous academic research…
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HOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH PAPER

HOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH PAPER .

This article is intended to show you examples of how to write a research paper as an undergraduate, postgraduate or academic. Writing a research paper involves huge commitment, experience, exposure, discipline and determination to carry out successfully. Because of the length of time required to complete research, many students shy…
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Research paper outline

RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE .

Research paper outline are the items that help a researcher kick off a study, they make a research paper organized and conform to specific formats based on an institution's standards. A research paper outline is sometimes referred to as research content or table of contents in project writing. It is…
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Outdoor Research

Outdoor Research .

This article aims to buttress the need, importance and uniqueness of engaging outdoor research in writing research papers and dissertations irrespective of the type or nature of research being done. It is very informative and would provide you with the necessary knowledge for starting and concluding your research journey. Outdoor…
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stratified random sampling

HOW TO DETERMINE STRATA IN STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING? .

This article will help you understand how to determine the strata using the stratified random sampling technique and how respondents from each stratum can be obtained in the stratified random sampling technique. Stratified random sampling is about the division of a study population into subgroups or strata based on certain…
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Chi-square

HOW TO INTERPRET CHI SQUARE TEST IN RESEARCH .

What is Chi square? Chi square is a statistical test used to compare two outcomes in research, it compares the observed and expected results from a group of data collected and arranged in a table after a study. The essence of chi square in research is mainly to identify whether…
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Research Methodology

Research Methodology .

This article is on research methodology, the discussion is tailored around; the meaning of research methodology, the research methods, the components and the complete ingredients of the subject matter “research methodology”. If you’ve been confused about what research methodology is, then worry no more, this article is sure to provide…
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Google Scholar Research Topics

Google Scholar Research Topics .

In this article, I have compiled recent and relevant Google Scholar research topics on education, health, economics, nursing, biology, agriculture, psychology, human resources and business. The topics are pulled out from the archives of Google Scholar for your information. The topics are selected from the many rich research topics available…
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Study Area in Research

Reasons for Choosing a Study Area in Research .

A study area in research is a specific location, neighbourhood, community or city that is of interest to a student or researcher to find a particular problem and recommend ways to solve the problem. The student’s project topic has to focus on the particular problem that has to be solved…
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How to Prepare For a Project Defense

How to Prepare For a Project Defense .

Project defence is sacrosanct. It’s an activity that must take place to determine the capability and authenticity of the author of a research paper. This is usually done at the end of an academic period or at the final lap of the final year at school. It is essential to…
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Why You Keep Failing At School

Why You Keep Failing At School .

The only reason for failure at school is if adequate time isn’t put into studying. Studying at school is part of the activities  that every “good” student should invest in. If you look back at how you were able to journey up to a higher institution you will see how…
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How to Write Acknowledgement for Project

How to Write Acknowledgement for Project .

Start with a Grateful Tone To write acknowledgement for project you should ensure that the tone of your acknowledgement is genuine and appreciative. Begin by expressing your sincere gratitude to the people and entities who have supported and inspired you throughout your project. Keep in mind that this is not…
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Justification of the study

How to Write Justification of the Study in Research .

The justification of the study is also referred to as the rationale for the study. It is what inspired you to research a given topic. As students, it is very important to know that research writing is not just one of the things we do for leisure, research is a…
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How to Dress for a Project Defense

How to Dress for a Project Defense .

How to Dress for a Project Defense It will amaze you to know that about 20 per cent of the marks awarded during final year project defense go-to dressing, surprised. Yes. One of the reasons for project defense is to prepare students for the future when they must have graduated…
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quantitative and qualitative research

Difference Between Quantitative and Qualitative Research .

The underlined is the difference between quantitative and qualitative research Quantitative ResearchQualitative ResearchObjective is to test hypotheses that the researcher generatesObjective is to discover and encapsulate meanings once the researcher becomes immersed in the data.Concepts are in the form of distinct variablesConcepts tend to be in the form of themes,…
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why people do research

Why People Do Research? .

The following are highlights to the reasons why people do research. While some are for academic purpose others are merely to establish personal opinion, conclusion or argument for or against selected fields of endeavors or discipline. People embark on research for the following reasons: To get research degree (e.g. Ph.D.)…
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challenges in project writing

CHALLENGES IN PROJECT WRITING .

Challenges in project writing Project writing comes with a lot of peculiar challenges, the challenges you face at postgraduate level is akin to that faced at undergraduate level. A list of problems faced during project writing include; Financial Challenge: Financial challenge is a common problem with virtually all students irrespective…
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Plagiarism

WHAT IS RESEARCH .

Research is an inquiry into something which involves collecting information and drawing conclusions. It’s about examination and analysis of information. Two phrases to take out of this definition are (a) collection, examination and analysis of information (b) drawing of conclusions. Research is about information (i.e., data) rather than mere assumptions.…
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project topic

PROJECT TOPIC .

A major challenge students face when it comes to final year project is project topic selection, for a fact; your decision on the topic to submit to your department for consideration marks the beginning of your failure or success. The topic you select has the capacity of determining your grade…
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project defense

21 COMPULSORY PROJECT DEFENSE QUESTIONS AND THEIR ANSWERS .

Knowing the likely project defense questions and answers will help in boosting your confidence and prepare you for the exercise. After successfully completing your final year project, it is sacrosanct that your supervisor signs the approval page in the preliminary section for onwards preparation to defend a project. To a…
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how to organize literature review

HOW TO ORGANIZE LITERATURE REVIEW .

To organize literature review there are various methods one can adopt. We will be looking at two main methods or style of organizing your literature reviews: Chronological method: This method lays emphasis on date or periods within which existing works were carried out. For example, a literature review focused on…
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data collection

DATA COLLECTION TOOLS IN RESEARCH .

COMMON TOOLS USED TO COLLECT DATA BY RESEARCHERS Instruments of data collection are the tools or means of collecting data or information during research. The quality of the instrument used determines the quality of data to be collected. There are five basic instruments for data collection: Personal observationInterviewQuestionnaireDocumentProject techniqueExperiment Personal…
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research validity and reliability

VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF MEASURING INSTRUMENT .

During research, it is of great importance for the researcher to discuss the degree of validity and reliability of measuring instrument in research. To improve the reliability of data collection instrument, the researcher has to do the following: To adopt a test and re-test administration, if the researcher is using…
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sampling error in research

SAMPLING ERROR .

Sampling error is the difference between the result obtained from a sample and that which could have been obtained if the entire population is used. It is measured by the standard error of the statistics in terms of probability under normal curve. This could also occur when the complete survey…
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complete research project/thesis in 14days

HOW TO COMPLETE YOUR PROJECT/THESIS IN 14DAYS .

Completing your project/thesis in 14days is possible if only you can adopt and use the strategies that i have provided herein. I’m sure you are wondering how you can achieve this in 14days. Here’s the hack; in the past 3years I have coached students across Africa on a proven strategy…
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RESEARCH ABSTARCT

RESEARCH ABSTRACT .

HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT IN RESEARCH The abstract is the first page a reader will see after the table of content. An abstract is a brief summary of a research paper, it provides the reader with details of the full research project, thesis, journal etc. without having to flip…
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SAMPLE OF RESEARCH ABSTRACT .

Below is sample of a research abstract... ABSTRACT Housing is one of the most important needs of man after food. The need for a suitable accommodation has brought about user preference on available housing facilities in Enugu metropolis.   The research objectives are hereby to identify the types of residential property…
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references

REFERENCES .

References provide complete details of materials studied, quoted or paraphrased during research. The purpose of the reference list is to allow readers have access to sources of information cited in your actual research papers or project. It is an acknowledgement of the various authors whose materials was quoted, summarized, paraphrased…
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research appendix

RESEARCH APPENDIX .

Appendix is the final page where you list additional information as backup to the actual research project. This section contains relevant materials that might be too large or detailed to have been included in your main body of research, it is a support to contents and data in your research…
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questionnaire cover letter

QUESTIONNAIRE COVER LETTER .

Your questionnaire cover letter is the first thing respondents would see before opening and providing answers to your questionnaire… Drafting your questionnaire cover letter comes immediately after preparing the questionnaire. It must have questions related to your topic, aim and objectives of the study. The options in close-ended questionnaires are…
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questionnaire in research

QUESTIONNAIRE IN RESEARCH .

A questionnaire is a research tool which contains series of questions used in collecting relevant information from respondents during research. Questionnaire is the next document to be drafted immediately after listing your aim and objectives. A few Things to Consider Before Drafting Your Research Questionnaire; Decide on The Appropriate Questionnaire…
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stages of collecting relevant research data

STAGES OF COLLECTING RELEVANT RESEARCH DATA .

There are necessary stages for collecting relevant data in research which you must uphold if proper data must be gathered. Sometimes relevant information needed for research may not be readily available within the purview of literature gathered and reviewed; at every point in your research journey, there’s always a time…
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summary of findings

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION .

The summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation forms part of chapter five in most BS.c and MS.c projects. These are three sections in one chapter though interrelated. Every good research must end with the following sub-headings; THE SUMMARY OF FINDINGS: This gives the reader a summarized version of your findings…
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test of hypothesis

TEST OF HYPOTHESIS .

How to Test Research Hypothesis Research hypothesis is a tentative answer to a research problem. It is also referred as a scientific guest work. meaning; it is a testable prediction. It helps a researcher determine the relationship between two variables e.g., the relationship between demand and supply; property users and…
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data presentation and analysis

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS IN RESEARCH .

After gathering data from your various sources; you will be expected to collate the data retrieved and present in a simple, orderly and understandable format; this is where data presentation and analysis come in. Data presentation is the process of presenting your data with use of tables so that readers…
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data presentation and analysis

METHOD OF DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS .

After gathering data through the various sources of data collection, you will be expected to collate the data retrieved and present in an orderly and understandable format; this is where data presentation and analysis come in. Data presentation is the process of presenting your data with use of tables so…
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instruments of data collection

INSTRUMENTS OF DATA COLLECTION .

Instruments of data collection are tools and materials with which you collect data for your research. There are a variety of instruments in research parlance. Here we’ll look at a number of them. Note that the instrument you adopt in collecting data is solely dependent on the type of research…
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data collection methods

DATA COLLECTION METHODS IN RESEARCH .

Scientific problems are only solved on the basis of data. A major responsibility of the researcher is to bring up a research design which is capable of providing data (information) necessary for the solution of a problem. Data are information gather in the course of the research. Data collection is…
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sampling methods in research

SAMPLING METHODS IN RESEARCH .

Sampling Methods: The sampling methods involve the process of selecting a group of individuals from a population to study and collect data from them and use the data collected to represent the entire population if they were to be studied as a whole. Let’s know what a sample is. The…
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DETERMINATION OF SAMPLE SIZE

SAMPLE SIZE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUES .

DETERMINATION OF SAMPLE SIZE | SAMPLING TECHNIQUES This article is aimed at providing necessary information on sample size and sampling techniques in research, and statistics. The subjects' "sample size" and "sampling techniques" will be explained in detail individually for clarity. At this point, it is imperative to define a sample…
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population of the study

POPULATION OF THE STUDY .

POPULATION OF THE STUDY Your population of the study are the specific people or event which your study intends to collect data from. These are people directly affected by the problem your research is trying to solve. Your population of the study can easily be identified during your literature review.…
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description of study area

HOW TO WRITE DESCRIPTION OF STUDY AREA IN RESEARCH .

DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDY AREA Description of the study area is the act of describing the characteristics, qualities and physical features of an area, location, neighbourhood, city or community that is being studied or investigated for research purposes. Describing a study area is an important part of research, not just…
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re-statement of problem

RE-STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM .

Re-statement of the problem helps you to remind your readers the major problems that led you into carrying out the study. You don’t have to copy and paste the statement of the problem from chapter one “as most would do” what you should do here is to summarize the problem,…
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research design

CHOOSING AN APPROPRIATE RESEARCH DESIGN TO ADOPT .

Choosing an appropriate research design to adopt should be the first thing you want to do before starting an academic research endeavor. This can also be referred to as research strategy or the pattern of questioning your research objectives. It determines how data will be collected and analyzed in research.…
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empirical framework

EMPIRICAL FRAMEWORK FORMAT .

EMPIRICAL FRAMEWORK IN RESEARCH Empirical Framework is the review of empirical evidence. It is one which is verifiable by personal observations and opinions rather than mere theory. Empirical studies involve the use of various available data and evidences from journals to carry out a study. The study looks at previous…
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conceptual framework

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK .

PROCEDURE FOR WRITING CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK IN RESEARCH Conceptual Framework are detailed write-ups emanating from studies and review of materials (literature) by other scholars. It’s a way of showing the relationship between variables, identifying comparison, similarities and criticism between authors so as to extract gaps in literature. Construction of conceptual frame…
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theoretical framework

STEPS FOR WRITING THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK IN RESEARCH .

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Theoretical framework is the main foundation and basis of your study. It helps to strengthen your study by connecting your study to an existing knowledge. It is the act of citing and discussing relevant theories to back up your study and form a foundation for variables. This further…
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literature review

LITERATURE REVIEW IN RESEARCH .

WHAT IS LITERATURE REVIEW? This involves reading and appraising what other people have written about your subject area. It can be both descriptive and analytical. That is; a description of other people’s work and analyzing the contribution of others with a view to identify similarities and contradictions made by different…
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Sampling in research

SAMPLE OF LITERATURE REVIEW .

NOTE: Due to the volume of this chapter, only a fraction of the literature review will be provided, the essence of this sample is to show how the key words are used in developing literature review and guide you to develop yours. LITERATURE REVIEW This chapter deals with the review…
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overview

OVERVIEW OF THE STUDY OR PLAN OF THE STUDY .

Overview of the study is also referred to as plan of the study, it deals on the various areas to be treated in your project/thesis. All you are required to do is to state the sections under each chapter (chapter one to chapter five or six). Plan of the study…
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definition of relevant terms

DEFINITION OF RELEVANT TERMS IN RESEARCH .

There are some technical contents in your project/thesis topic which contextual meaning may not be well understood by the ordinary man. So, you are expected to define these in a way that readers can understand and flow with. Definition of relevant terms is the process of simplifying the meaning of…
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limitation

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY .

Limitation of the study are those barriers or challenges that you encountered while writing your undergraduate or postgraduate project/thesis. In the course of carrying out your study certain circumstances or challenges could cause a delay or negatively affect you (the researcher) and slow down the process of executing the study.…
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scope of the study

SCOPE OF THE STUDY IN RESEARCH .

WRITING YOUR SCOPE OF THE STUDY Every research work must be delimited to a particular scope. Your scope of study is your coverage area, you need to limit your study to a catchment you can sufficiently handle, it must be within your capacity. The idea of wanting to cover a…
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significance of the study

HOW TO WRITE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY .

Meaning of Significance of the Study Significance of the study is a written statement that discusses the relevance of research to a selected group of people (beneficiaries of a study), that are directly or indirectly impacted by the outcome of a study (e.g. your population of the study, other researchers,…
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research hypothesis

FORMULATING RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS .

Research hypothesis is the tentative answer to a research problem. It is also referred as a scientific guest work. meaning; it is a testable prediction. It helps a researcher determine the relationship between two variables e.g., the relationship between demand and supply, property users and choice, property location and type…
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research questions

RESEARCH QUESTIONS GUIDE .

RESEARCH QUESTIONS WITH SAMPLES Research questions are inquiries into something. These are questions the research seeks to answer and over which data will be collected and analyzed. Your research questions should be asked in relation with the objectives. A research question is extracted from the objectives. Meaning that if your…
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aim and objectives

AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH WITH EXAMPLES .

HOW TO WRITE THE AIM OF YOUR RESEARCH A good literature review helps you develop an achievable Aim. By thoroughly studying literature written by other authors, you are equipped with good understanding of their idea, what their article is trying to relay and the gaps in their content. This gives…
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Statement of the problem

HOW TO WRITE STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM IN RESEARCH .

Every research paper comes with a statement of research problem. As a student you should first identify what problem you are trying to solve before starting up with your study. The statement of problem is the issue that your research seeks to address. What then is a problem? A problem…
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sample of background of the study

SAMPLE OF BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY IN RESEARCH .

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Housing is one of the three (3) fundamental needs of man. It is the most important for the survival of man after food. A deficiency in housing can profoundly affect the health, welfare and productivity of man (Joseph, 2017). Aderamo (2014) opined that housing has to…
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background of the study

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY .

HOW TO WRITE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY IN RESEARCH Have you ever wondered why every research has a background of the study? The reason is crystal clear, one cannot carry out a study without knowing the root of the problem. Identifying the roots of the problem helps to easily ascertain…
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hypothesis

Hypothesis in Research .

Research Hypothesis? Hypothesis can be defined as a tentative answer to a research problem. It is sometimes called a scientific guess work. It can also be referred as a guess about a relationship between variables. Hypothesis predicts the outcome of an investigation. I’ll give you a straight forward explanation of…
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scope of study

Scope of Study .

Scope of study? Scope of study specifies the research coverage area, it provides details of its delimitation and possibly other areas that the study may not be able to covered due to some factors which should also be mentioned. It shows your supervisor and readers the areas or population that…
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statement of problem

Statement of Problem .

You should have a clear statement of problem before embarking on any academic research. When a problem is not well stated, the focus of the research will be lost. What to include in your statement of the problem Properly expression the relationship between variables. Endeavor to state the exact problem…
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literature review

HOW TO WRITE A LITERATURE REVIEW .

HOW TO WRITE A LITERATURE REVIEW Before we look at how to write a literature review; we should first understand what a research is. WHAT IS RESEARCH? Research is a scientific approach to a problem; it is an attempt to finding total or partial solution to a problem. WHAT IS…
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succeeding on campus

12 PRINCIPLES OF SUCCEEDING ON CAMPUS .

12 PRINCIPLES OF SUCCEEDING ON CAMPUS Securing admission into Nigerian tertiary institutions is one of the most amazing moments of our lives, especially for those who got admitted after their 5th or 6th trials. Be it as it may you are already in, so it doesn’t now matter the number…
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fear of final year project and thesis

THE FEAR OF FINAL YEAR PROJECT .

THE FEAR OF FINAL YEAR PROJECT For those of us who schooled in Nigeria, especially in a public university, you will agree with me that for most students the most dreaded period of their stay on campus is during preparation to commence final year project. The stories from the older…
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